About Our Name
On September 6, 1620, the Mayflower departed Plymouth, England headed for America. The voyage across the Atlantic Ocean took 66 days and on November 9, 1620, Cape Cod was sighted. Provincetown Harbor was the initial anchoring place of the Mayflower and on November 11, 1620, the passengers signed the Mayflower Compact.
There were 102 passengers on the Mayflower. Only 41 of them were Separatists. The passengers were split into two groups--the Separatists (Pilgrims) and the rest of the passengers, who were called "strangers" by the Pilgrims.
The "Strangers" were not unified by religion, they were not close family units, and they were described as 'common people'. The "Strangers" were tradesmen, craftsmen, skilled workers, laborers and Indentured servants and several young orphans. The "Saints" were a less than tolerant community because they did not welcome other groups or different points of view. There were major differences between the two groups of "Saints" and "Strangers" in terms of levels of education, religion, social structure, political views, aspirations and beliefs.